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What is a fasting blood glucose test?


Your body converts the carbohydrates, which you eat into glucose. Glucose testing is primarily done for people with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Diabetes is a condition that causes your blood glucose levels to rise. The amount of sugar in your blood is usually controlled by a hormone called insulin. However, if you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or the insulin produced doesn’t work properly. This causes sugar to build up in your blood. Increased levels of blood sugar can lead to severe organ damage if left untreated. In some cases, blood glucose testing may also be [...]

What is a fasting blood glucose test?2019-09-30T13:16:15+00:00

Kidney Function


The kidneys remove wastes and extra water from the blood to form urine. Urine flows from the kidneys to the bladderthrough the ureters. The wastes in your blood come from the normal breakdown of active muscle and from the food you eat. Your body uses the food for energy and self-repair. They also help filter blood before sending it back to the heart. The kidneys perform many crucial functions, including: maintaining overall fluid balance. regulating and filtering minerals from blood. Here are 5 ways to keep your kidneys healthy Stay hydrated. Drinking plenty of fluid will help your kidneys function Eat healthily. Abalanced diet ensures you get all [...]

Kidney Function2019-03-11T11:56:59+00:00

How do you know you have a thyroid problem


What Causes Thyroid Problems? Through the hormones it produces, the thyroid gland influences almost all of the metabolic processes in your body. Thyroid disorders can range from a small, harmless goiter (enlarged gland) that needs no treatment to life-threatening cancer. The most common thyroid problems involve abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Too much thyroid hormone results in a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Insufficient hormone production leads to hypothyroidism. Although the effects can be unpleasant or uncomfortable, most thyroid problems can be managed well if properly diagnosed and treated. The usual treatment for hypothyroidism is thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Treatment is usually [...]

How do you know you have a thyroid problem2019-02-01T10:55:36+00:00

Understanding Blood Pressure Readings


What do your blood pressure numbers mean? The only way to know (diagnose) if you have high blood pressure (HBP or hypertension) is to have your blood pressure tested. Understanding your blood pressure numbers is key to controlling high blood pressure. Healthy and unhealthy blood pressure ranges Learn what’s considered normal, as recommended by the American Heart Association. Note: A diagnosis of high blood pressure must be confirmed with a medical professional. A doctor should also evaluate any unusually low blood pressure readings. Additionally, lower targets may be appropriate for some populations such as  the elderly, or patients with underlying issues such [...]

Understanding Blood Pressure Readings2018-07-24T14:17:15+00:00

Two Massive Medical Aid Changes Coming in 2017 that You Need to Know About


The National Treasury has introduced two new medical scheme regulations which will see a limit on the amount of gap cover and hospital cash-back policies you can claim, as well as the discontinuation of all primary healthcare policies. This is an effort to differentiate between “medical scheme products” and “health insurance”, both of which are regulated by separate Acts causing confusion in the medical arena. The regulations, which were demarcated in terms of the Long-term and Short-Term Insurance Acts, will come into effect as of 1 April 2017 for new policies and retrospectively from January 2018 for existing policies. Gap Cover and cash-back [...]

Two Massive Medical Aid Changes Coming in 2017 that You Need to Know About2018-07-24T14:17:53+00:00

Dashboard will speed up SA’s HIV suppression objectives


Now, healthcare practitioners involved in managing South Africa's HIV pandemic can access data from a new web-based system in near real-time. The first national CD4 /viral load monitoring dashboard, an online tool that monitors CD4 count and viral load in South Africa’s HIV positive patients will help the country to achieve one of UNAIDS three HIV elimination targets: for 90% of people on treatment to have a viral load fully suppressed by 2020, Response to treatment Viral load is the best predictor of an HIV positive patient’s response to treatment. The dashboard displays and analyses data in a way in which [...]

Dashboard will speed up SA’s HIV suppression objectives2018-07-24T14:19:23+00:00

Maximising the Value of your Medical Aid


Most medical aids have launched their benefits and premium contributions for 2017 and, as in the past, the increases passed on to members are double figures, which outstrip inflation. Bear in mind that your actual increase may be somewhat different because often these are weighted and vary from option to option or even from dependant to dependant. The medical aid landscape can be tricky to navigate. So now, more than ever, is the time to learn how to ‘box smart’ to ensure that you maximise the value you derive from your medical scheme benefits. Dr Bobby Ramasia, Principal Officer of Bonitas [...]

Maximising the Value of your Medical Aid2018-07-24T14:20:51+00:00

The Heart of the Matter


- by DR SHIVA ROY, DR DANIEL ISHAK AND DR VINAYAK NAGARAJA While the majority of patients presenting to a GP with chest pain will not have a life-threatening condition, a significant minority will be experiencing an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In Australia, 68,200 ACS events were recorded in 2012. There is strong evidence that delay in diagnosis and management of acute coronary syndrome leads to poor prognosis and avoidable complications, including heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias, mechanical complications and sudden cardiac death, therefore early recognition and management is essential. In this article, we present a case report of a patient presenting to their general [...]

The Heart of the Matter2018-07-24T14:22:37+00:00

Simple Blood Test can Quickly Detect Serious Infections in Children


Using a simple decision rule and a finger prick to test blood, general practitioners can now detect serious infections in children very quickly. This ensures that seriously ill children don't have to wait for a diagnosis until they're hospitalized - a delay that may have fatal consequences. The procedure also prevents unnecessary hospital referrals for less serious cases. That is the conclusion of a study conducted by a clinical team at KU Leuven (University of Leuven, Belgium) in collaboration with Ghent University and University of Oxford. In the early stages, serious infections such as meningitis, pneumonia, kidney or bone infections, or [...]

Simple Blood Test can Quickly Detect Serious Infections in Children2018-07-24T14:23:25+00:00

Does vitamin D enhance the survival rate of breast cancer patients?


[et_pb_section admin_label="section"][et_pb_row admin_label="row"][et_pb_column type="4_4"][et_pb_text admin_label="Text" background_layout="light" text_orientation="left" use_border_color="off" border_color="#ffffff" border_style="solid"] There have been several studies into the link between breast cancer survival and the ‘sunshine vitamin’ (vitamin D).  Although it is too early to refer to vitamin D as a new weapon in our armamentarium, the association has created a lot of interest and indeed may lead to important new discoveries in the future. The results of these studies are worth exploring. Published earlier this year in the Anticancer Research Journal is a study by the University of California’s San Diego School of Medicine (led by Prof Cedric Garland), which showed [...]

Does vitamin D enhance the survival rate of breast cancer patients?2016-09-29T11:52:38+00:00