We use tumor markers to detect the presence of certain types of cancer in the body, and to monitor the progress of cancer treatment. Tumor markers are substances found in the blood, body fluids, or tissues that are produced by cancer cells. If a certain tumor marker is found in the body, it can indicate that the cancer is still present and ongoing treatment may still be recommended. Specifically, we can use this test (in conjunction with other tests) to monitor the success of a current therapy, evaluate the need for surgical intervention, or assess the development of recurrence. Common tumor [...]
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Before the Fertility Test: Medical history and physical examination Before ordering fertility tests, your doctor will take the sexual medical history of both partners. You will need to describe your menstrual cycle, fitness regime, sexual practices, history of birth control, discuss any sexually transmitted diseases you have had in the past, your use of both legitimate and street drugs and caffeine, alcohol and tobacco. Here are types of Test that you can take! 1. Fertility Test: Semen Analysis (also called sperm count) 2. Fertility test: Hormone levels 3. Fertility Test: Pelvic ultrasounds 4. Fertility Test: Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) 5. Fertility Test: Hysterosonogram [...]
A doctor may instruct a person to fast before taking a cholesterol test. This was once standard practice, but new studies are changing this recommendation.A cholesterol test measures the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in a person's blood. Cholesterol is a fat-like material that is present in all of the body's cells. The body needs some cholesterol to help produce vitamin D, hormones, and enzymes that aid digestion. A cholesterol test, also known as a lipids panel, measures several different types of cholesterol, including: high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, or "good cholesterol" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, or "bad cholesterol" triglycerides, the chemical [...]
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a medical condition that over time can lead to serious and potentially life-threatening complications. Blood pressure is the amount of force that the blood places on the walls of your veins and arteries as it moves through the body. When it’s too high, it can put stress on the arteries and ultimately damage them. The complications that are related to high blood pressure include heart disease, stroke and kidney failure, among others. An ideal blood pressure reading is to have a systolic pressure, or top number, of less than 120, and a diastolic pressure, or [...]
Blood is divided into four types, namely: A, B, AB, and O. Each letter refers to a kind of antigen or protein, on the surface of red blood cells.It is imperative to know your exact blood type in the event a blood transfusion is necessary. During a blood transfusion, a patient must receive a blood type that is compatible with his or her own. If the blood types are not compatible, it causes the red blood cells in the body to clump together, creating clots that can cause blockages. Did you know? Blood type is inherited, just like eye color. Here are [...]
Ever feel like you are constantly drained out of energy? Eat as normal, but never gain weight? A Thyroid function test could be exactly what you need. The thyroid is a tiny gland located in the lower-front part of your neck. It helps to regulate many of the body’s processes, such as your bodies metabolism, energy generation and mood to name a few. The difference between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism? Take note of the very similar wording – Hypo and Hyper. Hypothyroidism – The thyroid gland produces a T3 and T4 hormone and if your gland doesn’t produce enough of these [...]
Today is World Asthma Day – a day dedicated to raising awareness of the condition. It is thought that as many as 300 million people suffer from some form of asthma in the world – and there are 250,000 death each year linked to the disease. While many other disease are decreasing in number, the cases of asthma continue to increase with the number thought to reach 400 million by 2025. Here is everything you need to know. What is asthma? Those affected with asthma often have difficulties breathing due to the lung condition. There is no cure and [...]
High blood pressure is very common at menopause, and oestrogen dominance is often the cause. Rebalancing hormones naturally can help bring blood pressure back to normal and so can these simple prevention techniques. If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure, dietary strategies will be crucial to controlling your levels. Avoiding processed foods (due to their being high in sugar/fructose, grains, trans fat and other damaged fats and processed salt) is my number one recommendation if you have high blood pressure. Instead, make whole, ideally organic, foods the focus of your diet. As you reduce processed foods, and other sources of [...]
What do your blood pressure numbers mean? The only way to know (diagnose) if you have high blood pressure (HBP or hypertension) is to have your blood pressure tested. Understanding your blood pressure numbers is key to controlling high blood pressure. Healthy and unhealthy blood pressure ranges Learn what’s considered normal, as recommended by the American Heart Association. Note: A diagnosis of high blood pressure must be confirmed with a medical professional. A doctor should also evaluate any unusually low blood pressure readings. Additionally, lower targets may be appropriate for some populations such as the elderly, or patients with underlying issues such [...]
Access to health care varies greatly in different countries across the world and is largely influenced by social conditions, economic conditions, as well as the health policies in place at the time. This is according to Dr Jaco van Zyl, Medical Executive at Cipla SA, who points to statistics from the World Health Organisation (WHO), indicating that the worldwide provision of health care related products and services consumed on average 9.95% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2014. “Over the same period in South Africa, total expenditure on health care in South Africa (SA) accounted for 8.5% of GDP, with an [...]