Viral load is the term used to describe the amount of HIV in your blood. The more HIV there is in your blood (and therefore the higher your viral load), then the faster your CD4 cell count will fall, and the greater your risk of becoming ill because of HIV. Viral load tests measure the amount of HIV’s genetic material in a blood sample. The results of a viral load test are described as the number of copies of HIV RNA in a millilitre of blood. But your doctor will normally just talk about your viral load as a number. How [...]
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The kidneys remove wastes and extra water from the blood to form urine. Urine flows from the kidneys to the bladderthrough the ureters. The wastes in your blood come from the normal breakdown of active muscle and from the food you eat. Your body uses the food for energy and self-repair. They also help filter blood before sending it back to the heart. The kidneys perform many crucial functions, including: maintaining overall fluid balance. regulating and filtering minerals from blood. Here are 5 ways to keep your kidneys healthy Stay hydrated. Drinking plenty of fluid will help your kidneys function Eat healthily. Abalanced diet ensures you get all [...]
What Causes Thyroid Problems? Through the hormones it produces, the thyroid gland influences almost all of the metabolic processes in your body. Thyroid disorders can range from a small, harmless goiter (enlarged gland) that needs no treatment to life-threatening cancer. The most common thyroid problems involve abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Too much thyroid hormone results in a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Insufficient hormone production leads to hypothyroidism. Although the effects can be unpleasant or uncomfortable, most thyroid problems can be managed well if properly diagnosed and treated. The usual treatment for hypothyroidism is thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Treatment is usually [...]
The Role of Cardiac Enzymes Cardiac enzymes are like other enzymes in that they regulate the various processes that keep the organ working properly and the blood flowing to the rest of your body. This can include speeding up or slowing down what the body does inherently in order to actually get the desired effect. Most of the discussion about cardiac enzymes is not about what they do but about when they’re not doing what they should, which refers to cardiac enzymes and their presence in the blood. Elevated blood levels of cardiac enzymes are similar to elevated liver enzymes in [...]
What is blood glucose? Blood glucose literally refers to the amount of glucose in your blood. This glucose comes from whatever you eat and drink plus the stores of glucose that sit within your liver and muscles Monitoring blood glucose levels is an integral part of diabetes management. This can be done manually using a glucometer or by wearing a continuous blood glucose monitoring device that measures blood sugar levels 10 Easy Ways to Lower Blood Sugar Levels Naturally: Exercise Regularly Control Your Carb Intake Increase Your Fiber Intake Drink Water and Stay Hydrated Implement Portion Control Choose Foods With a [...]
Arthritis symptoms can be vague and confusing, but they are important to recognize. It is incredibly common for people who have joint pain and other early symptoms to think that they have injured themselves. Often, they spend some time trying to self-treat the symptoms with over-the-counter treatment options. Hopefully they don't this for long. It's important to recognize early symptoms of arthritis and consult your doctor for an examination and assessment. Signs and Symptoms Common to Most Types of Arthritis : The signs and symptoms commonly associated with various types of arthritis and rheumatic diseases and those that usually occur with [...]
We use tumor markers to detect the presence of certain types of cancer in the body, and to monitor the progress of cancer treatment. Tumor markers are substances found in the blood, body fluids, or tissues that are produced by cancer cells. If a certain tumor marker is found in the body, it can indicate that the cancer is still present and ongoing treatment may still be recommended. Specifically, we can use this test (in conjunction with other tests) to monitor the success of a current therapy, evaluate the need for surgical intervention, or assess the development of recurrence. Common tumor [...]
Before the Fertility Test: Medical history and physical examination Before ordering fertility tests, your doctor will take the sexual medical history of both partners. You will need to describe your menstrual cycle, fitness regime, sexual practices, history of birth control, discuss any sexually transmitted diseases you have had in the past, your use of both legitimate and street drugs and caffeine, alcohol and tobacco. Here are types of Test that you can take! 1. Fertility Test: Semen Analysis (also called sperm count) 2. Fertility test: Hormone levels 3. Fertility Test: Pelvic ultrasounds 4. Fertility Test: Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) 5. Fertility Test: Hysterosonogram [...]
A doctor may instruct a person to fast before taking a cholesterol test. This was once standard practice, but new studies are changing this recommendation.A cholesterol test measures the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in a person's blood. Cholesterol is a fat-like material that is present in all of the body's cells. The body needs some cholesterol to help produce vitamin D, hormones, and enzymes that aid digestion. A cholesterol test, also known as a lipids panel, measures several different types of cholesterol, including: high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, or "good cholesterol" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, or "bad cholesterol" triglycerides, the chemical [...]
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a medical condition that over time can lead to serious and potentially life-threatening complications. Blood pressure is the amount of force that the blood places on the walls of your veins and arteries as it moves through the body. When it’s too high, it can put stress on the arteries and ultimately damage them. The complications that are related to high blood pressure include heart disease, stroke and kidney failure, among others. An ideal blood pressure reading is to have a systolic pressure, or top number, of less than 120, and a diastolic pressure, or [...]